Coaching Development

Introduction

It is a well known fact that competent coaches are crucial for a healthy recruitment and development of athletes. Competency based training is all about providing a safe, enjoyable sport experience for children and youth.  It is also about providing a positive sport experience so that children and youth will choose sport over less desirable activities as they grow older.

Some studies have indicated that 25 hours of training can improve community coaching enough to significantly reduce the 70% drop-out rates of children 14 years of age and younger.

CCS coach development is provided through programs developed by Cross Country Canada and are tied in to Sport Canada’s Long Term Athlete Development framework.  Both programs embrace the common principles that “every athlete is entitled to competent coaching” and that our athletes deserve “well run events that offer fair opportunities to all competitors, run on well maintained facilities with designs that meet the changing needs of the sport of cross country skiing”.

CCS subsidizes the cost for members and covers standard cost of course conductor including travel and meal expenses. Members only pay for manual & travel expenses not the true cost of the course.

Important Links

Coaches Association of Saskatchewan -  www.saskcoach.ca

Coaches Association of Canada – www.coach.ca

CCC Coaching Development; NCCP (New System) - www.cccski.com/Programs/Coaching-Development/National-Coaching-Certification-Program.aspx


NCCP Program

The National Coaching Certification Program (NCCP) is a coach training and certification program offered in over 65 sports in Canada. The principal objective of this program is to develop the abilities of coaches working with athletes at all levels, from the community level through to high-performance sport.

The NCCP is a collaborative program of the government of Canada, provincial/territorial governments, national/provincial/territorial sport organizations and the Coaching Association of Canada. 
Each coaching level is designed to deliver “age specific” skills to the athletes involved in accordance with Sport Canada’s Long Term Athlete Development (LTAD) Model.
Coach development runs along parallel lines for both able bodied athletes and athletes with a disability.

How to Become a Coach

The following Table outlines the coaching progression.  Starting at the bottom for youth and progressing up based on athlete age and abilities.

ATHLETE & COACH DEVELOPMENT PROGRESSION

Athlete Age LTAD Stage NCCP Context
23 +/- males
23 +/- females
Training to Win Competition Coaching: High Performance (CCHP)
20 - 23 +/- males
19 - 23 +/- females
Training to Compete
(T2C)
Competition Coaching: Development – Advanced Gradation
(CDAG)
16 - 20 +/- males
15 - 19 +/- females
Learning to Compete
(L2C)
Competition Coaching: Development
(CCD)
12 - 16 males
11 - 15 females
Training to Train
(T2T)
Competition Coaching: Introduction
(CCI – T2T)
9 - 12 males
8 - 11 females
Learning to Train
(L2T)
Competition Coaching: Introduction
(CCI – L2T)
6 - 9 males
6 - 8 females
FUNdamentals
(FUN)
Community Coaching
(CC)
0 - 6 Active Start
(AS)
Community Coaching: Introduction
(ICC)


In Training, Trained and Certification

Coaches can participate in training opportunities to acquire or refine the skills and knowledge required for a particular coaching context as defined by the sport. However to be certified in a coaching context, coaches must be formally evaluated.

The NCCP model defines a coach as:

  • In training when some required training has been completed. "Training" is provided through sport-specific workshops exclusively up to the CCI context and a combination of sport-specific and non sport-specific workshops for the subsequent contexts (CCD and above).
  • Trained when all required training is complete for a given context. In addition to attending workshops, coaches are required to meet some practical stage-specific requirements.
  • Certified when all training and evaluation requirements have been met. Coaches competencies are evaluated on their demonstrated ability to perform within a context in areas such as program design, practice planning, performance analysis, program management, ethical coaching, support to participants during training, and support to participants in competition.

Equivalency and challenge process

To acquire NCCP training and/or certification, coaches are expected to progress through the series of workshops designed for this purpose. In exceptional situations, the CCC NCCP Committee may consider granting new competency based NCCP qualifications through the equivalency or challenge options outlined on the CCC website.

Check your NCCP certification status

The NCCP Database is an important tool that supports the efforts of all Canadians involved in coach education. Access to this database will provide all coaches with the opportunity to track their progress and guide their development. Go to the CAC website to view your transcripts


A Closer Look at the Coaching Levels

Community Coach

The community coach (CC) context is broken down into two steps, each of them corresponding to a specific LTAD stage:

NCCP Context LTAD Stage Athlete age
Introduction to Community Coaching
(ICC)
Active Start 0 - 6
Community Coaching
(CC)
FUNdamentals 6 – 9 males
6 – 8 females


Introduction to Community Coaching (ICC) (10 hours)
The workshop is designed to teach parents and other beginning coaches how to deliver a series of age-appropriate skill development sessions under the supervision of more experienced coaches. The orientation is for skiers of all age groups with an emphasis on working with children under six years of age. Coaches will be taught basic coaching skills, how to teach the fundamentals of technique, growth and development considerations, how to create a motivating learning environment and how to set up a ski playground. There are no prerequisites except enthusiasm and the minimum age requirement of 16 years.

Community Coaching (CC) (16 hours)
This workshop is the second step in the NCCP progression. It provides essential training for coaches delivering an effective skill development program to children six to nine years of age (the FUNdamentals stage of skier development). It is designed to train coaches to teach children intermediate technical skills in an enjoyable way so that it is FUN to learn, to select games that reinforce the technical skills being taught, to design and lead on-snow sessions, and to select and prepare equipment for young children. Successful completion of the NCCP Introduction to Community Coaching Workshop is a prerequisite.

Steps to NCCP Community Coach Certification (view flowchart):

  1. Complete the ICC workshop
  2. Complete the CC workshop
  3. Complete the tasks outlined on the Certification Checklist (includes practical experience form)
  4. Complete the Coaching Association of Canada (CAC) “Making Ethical Decisions"(MED) evaluation . This component is evaluated online by the CAC, and can be completed at any time following the ICC workshop.

Coaches that complete these steps and become certified Community Coaches are then eligible for the next step in the NCCP progression: Competition-introduction


Competition Coaching Introduction (Comp-Intro)

The competition coaching-introduction (CCI) context is broken down into 4 steps, two for each development stage covered in this context:

NCCP Context Context components LTAD Stage Athlete age
Competition Coaching: Introduction (CCI – T2T) T2T-dryland
T2T-on snow
Training to Train
(T2T)
12 - 16 males
11 - 15 females
Competition Coaching: Introduction (CCI – L2T) L2T-dryland
L2T-on snow
Learning to Train
(L2T)
9 - 12 males
8 - 11 females


1- Competition Coaching Introduction (L2T)
The CCI-L2T program provides tools and develops skills that a coach can use to: 
(1) create a fun, team-oriented environment that will motivate children to achieve their personal goals in sport and develop a lifelong interest in the fitness and health benefits of cross-country skiing; and (2) deliver a well-rounded sport program with an emphasis on skill development to children nine to 12 years of age (the L2T stage of development).

a. CCI-L2T (Dryland) Workshop (16.5 hrs): This is the third step in the NCCP coach education program. Coaches are taught about developmental age, physical literacy, team building, athletic components (aerobic fitness, speed, etc.), nutrition, how to design their own sport program, adventure-based activities (year-round), roller-skiing and planning a practice. Successful completion of the NCCP Community Coaching Workshop is a prerequisite.

b. CCI-L2T (On-Snow) Workshop (16.5 hrs): This is the second half of the CCI-L2T program and the fourth step in the NCCP progression. This workshop is designed to train coaches on team management, supporting athletes at a competition, teaching and learning, equipment selection, ski preparation and how to effectively teach intermediate-level ski technique. Successful completion of the NCCP CCI-L2T (Dryland) Workshop is a prerequisite.

2- Competition Coaching Introduction (T2T)
The CCI-T2T program provides tools and develops skills that a coach can use to: (1) teach athletes how to build an aerobic base, speed and strength and further develop and consolidate sport specific skills as appropriate for their developmental age; and (2) design and deliver an annual sport program that takes into consideration optimal trainability and the maturity/readiness (physical, mental, cognitive and emotional maturity) of individual athletes 12 to 16 years of age (the T2T stage of development). NOTE: This program is still under development and is available as a pilot course only.

a. CCI-T2T (Dryland) Workshop (16.5 hrs): This is the fifth step in the NCCP progression. Coaches are taught about growth and maturation, energy systems, training intensities, monitoring and recovery, strength, speed, flexibility, exercise performance and health, roller-skiing and other dryland ski simulation techniques, etc. Prerequisite: CCI-L2T Coach “in training”. Successful completion of the NCCP L2T (On-Snow) Workshop is a prerequisite.

b. CCI-T2T (On-Snow) Workshop (16.5 hrs): This is the second half of the CCI-T2T program and the sixth step in the NCCP progression. It is designed to train coaches to develop an effective competition plan for a team, prepare for a competition, support athletes at a competition, teach basic mental skills, refine all ski techniques, test and prepare skis and make ethical decisions. Successful completion of the NCCP CCI-T2T (Dryland) Workshop is a prerequisite.

Steps to NCCP Competition-Introduction Coach certification (view flowchart):

  1. Complete both L2T workshops
  2. Complete practical requirements for L2T (L2T experience form)
  3. Complete both T2T workshops
  4. Complete practical requirements for T2T (T2T experience form)
  5. Complete other tasks outlined on the Certification Checklist
  6. Complete the Coaching Association of Canada (CAC) “Making Ethical Decisions"(MED) evaluation for Comp-Int . This component is evaluated online by the CAC.

Coaches that complete these steps and become certified Competition-intro coaches are then eligible for the next step in the NCCP progression: Competition-development


Competition Coaching Development (Comp-Dev)

The competition coaching-development (CCD) context is broken down into 3 steps:

NCCP Context Context components LTAD Stage Athlete age
Competition Coaching: Multisports modules Dryland coaching camp Learning to Compete 16 - 20 +/- males 15 - 19 +/- females
Development
(CCD)
On snow coaching camp (L2C)


This program is directed at coaches that are working with athletes in the Learning to Compete (L2C) stage of development (see chart below). There are three components:

1. Comp-Dev Multi-Sport Modules

  • Leading Drug Free Sport (3.5 hrs)
  • Managing Conflict (4.5 hrs)
  • Coaching and Leading Effectively (10 hrs)
  • Psychology of Performance (7 hrs)

These modules are now available. They are delivered by provincial/territorial governments through their respective sport departments. For more information please contact your provincial/territorial sport branch.

2. Comp-Dev Sport Specific Training (not available at this time)

  • Dryland "Coaching Camp" (approx. 5 days)
  • On-Snow "Coaching Camp" (approx. 5 days)
  • Coaching Experience (practical coaching experience working with athletes in the L2C stage of development)

3. Comp-Dev Making Ethical Decisions (MED) Online Evaluation

This module should be available soon. It will be delivered by the Coaching Association of Canada and will be found online at www.coach.ca/elearning

Comp-Dev Multi-Sport Modules 

These modules are now available. They are delivered by provincial/territorial governments through their respective sport departments. For more information please contact your provincial/territorial sport branch.

Comp-Dev Sport Specific Training

This component of the Comp-Dev Program is not available at this time. When it is ready it will be piloted and delivered by our national sport organization, Cross Country Canada. Prerequisite: Comp-Int certification in cross-country skiing (this requires completion of the T2T (On-Snow) workshop, Comp-Int MED on-line evaluation and T2T Coaching Experience Form).

IMPORTANT NOTE:
Coaches at the Comp-Dev level will be required to keep a "portfolio" that records their progress as they work their way through this context. If you are starting into this program, it is important to keep a record of each assignment you complete or 'event"' you undertake - where was it held, when was it held, who was the facilitator or evaluator, etc.


NCCP Competition Coaching Development Advanced Gradation (CDAG)

The CDAG context is broken down into two steps:

NCCP Context Context components LTAD Stage Athlete age
Competition Coaching: Development – Advanced Gradation (CDAG) NCI diploma Sport-specific training Learning to Compete (L2C)
and Training to Compete (T2C)
16 - 23 +/- males
15 - 23 +/- females


1. National Coaching Institute (NCI) Diploma

The NCI diploma consists of 18 modules covering the following 4 major themes:

  • Coaching Leadership
  • Training and Competition Readiness
  • Coaching Effectiveness
  • Performance Planning

The Coaching Association of Canada (CAC) launched this component of the program in September, 2010. See this brochure for details. In particular, note the pre-requisites that are in place for the transition period (changeover from old to new NCCP system). Coaches who are currently working on the Level 4 program (previous NCCP system) will be required to complete that program or transfer over to the new Comp-Dev Advanced program within a specified period of time.

2. Sport-specific training

  • Sport-specific modules (i.e. ski preparation)
  • Coaching experience (i.e. practical coaching experience working with athletes in the L2C/T2C stages of development)

CCC and the CAC have not yet developed the template for this component of the program. For now, it appears that the sport-specific tasks for the Comp-Dev Advanced Program will be the same sport-specific tasks used for the old Level 4-5 program. A replacement for these tasks will be developed over the next couple of years. When the program is developed it will be implemented by Cross Country Canada.

Comp-Dev Advanced Certification

Coaches must successfully complete the following to achieve certification:

  1. NCI Diploma program
  2. Comp-Dev Advanced program for cross-country skiing
  3. Evaluation of specific coaching competencies (for cross-country skiing) at the Comp-Dev Advanced level

IMPORTANT NOTE:

Coaches at the Comp-Dev Advanced level will be required to keep a "portfolio" that records their progress as they work their way through the program. If you are just getting started, it is important to keep your own records of each course or sport-specific activity you undertake - where was it held, when was it held, who was the facilitator, evaluator, mentor coach, etc.

Whether you were trained in the previous NCCP system, existing NCCP system, or both, and you wish to enroll/continue in the NCI Diploma program, you will likely require an individualized transition plan in order to do so. If you require assistance working through these changes, please contact Cross Country Saskatchewan at ccs@sasktel.net

Further information on subsequent Coaching levels can be found on the CCC website: http://www.cccski.com/Programs/Coaching-Development.aspx


Minimum Mandatory Coaching Requirements

Minimum age for NCCP workshops (policy 2.4.6)

This policy will take effect on January 21st 2012

Coaches must be a minimum of 14 years of age on the first day of an ICC Workshop in order to participate in that course. Although it is not a requirement, CCC strongly suggests, when possible, that coaches that are 14 or 15 years of age (U16) participate in workshops specifically targeting this age group in order to allow the learning facilitator to adapt his/her facilitation to the learning profile that characterizes U16 coaches. These coaches’ learning experience will be enhanced by an adapted facilitation style as opposed to trying to adapt to a class made up of more mature adults with a very different background;

Coaches must be a minimum of 16 years of age on the first day of a CCI - L2T (Dryland) Workshop to participate in that course;

The minimum age for designating a coach as NCCP “in training”, “trained”, and “certified” is 16 years of age. Therefore U16 coaches that have completed ICC and CC Workshops will be recognized on the CAC Database with the status indicator “Under 16”. Roll-over to the appropriate post-16 status indicator will happen automatically upon their 16th birthday.

The policy that will take effect on June 30/12

NB: The following policy refers to the new NCCP system only. That is because the Coaching Association of Canada expects to transfer active old NCCP system coaches over to the new NCCP system at this time.

  • Coaches must be active NCCP Community Coaches "in training" in order to supervise, instruct or coach ski activities for children six years of age and younger, or assist with the supervising, instructing or coaching of ski activities for children six to nine years of age; and
  • Coaches must be active, "trained" NCCP Community Coaches in order to supervise, instruct or coach ski activities for children six to nine years of age, or assist with the supervising, instructing or coaching of ski activities for children nine to sixteen years of age; and
  • Coaches must be active NCCP CCI coaches "in training"* in order to supervise, instruct or coach ski activities for children nine to sixteen years of age; and
  • U16 coaches that have completed the ICC Workshop can only assist with ski activities for children six years of age and younger (under the supervision of a qualified coach 16 years of age or older); and
  • U16 coaches that have completed the CC Workshop can only assist with ski activities for children nine years of age and younger (under the supervision of a qualified coach 16 years of age or older).

These standards are also needed to prepare our sport system to meet the minimum coaching qualifications required for the 2015 Canada Winter Games and other events such as Provincial Winter Games.

Accordingly the following will come into effect in January 2012, and June 2012.

The policy that will take effect on January 01/12

  • Coaches must be active NCCP Community Coaches "in training" (must have completed the ICC Workshop) in order to supervise, instruct or coach ski activities for children six years of age and younger, or assist with the supervising, instructing or coaching of ski activities for children six to nine years of age; and
  • Coaches must be active, "trained" NCCP Community Coaches (must have completed the Community Coach Workshop) in order to supervise, instruct or coach ski activities for children six to nine years of age, or assist with the supervising, instructing or coaching of ski activities for children nine to sixteen years of age; and
  • Coaches must be active NCCP Competition Coaching-Introduction (CCI) coaches "in training" (must have completed the L2T (On-Snow) Workshop) OR must have completed the NCCP Level 1 Technical course in order to supervise, instruct or coach ski activities for children under the age of sixteen; and
  • U16 coaches that have completed the ICC Workshop can only assist with ski activities for children six years of age and younger (under the supervision of a qualified coach 16 years of age or older); and
  • U16 coaches that have completed the CC Workshop can only assist with ski activities for children nine years of age and younger (under the supervision of a qualified coach 16 or older).

Organizing a Course in Your Community

Contact Cross Country Saskatchewan for the guide for organizing any one of the courses noted above.  Remember CCS subsidizes much of the course costs and will assist in sourcing course facilitators from either within the province or will bring qualified facilitators in.

Coaching Course Dates

Please check back for upcoming courses.